Head: The head is sometimes called the headstock, or peghead. It’s the part of the instrument where the strings are wound around the tuning mechanisms.
Tuners: They are also called tuning machines. They’re winding motion loosen or tighten the string in order to tune the instrument.
Nut: This is usually made of ebony or plastic and has grooves cut out for the strings to fit. The strings pass over the nut and are secured by the grooves. It is located where the neck meets the head of the instrument.
Neck: The neck is the long, skinny section of the instrument that contains fingerboard. Usually, the neck and headstock are one continuous wooden piece.
Strings: There are six strings made of steel or nylon- all of the different circumference.
Frets: These pieces of metal are inserted in the fingerboard and are used to contact the strings to sound different notes.
Fret Markers: These are sometimes called inlays or dot inlays. They provide decoration for the instrument, but more importantly, they provide a quick visual cue to help you find your way around the fretboard.
Body: This is the largest part of the instrument and is hollow on the inside. It is made of wood and contains the sound hole and bridge.
Sound Hole: The body’s hollow chamber amplifies the sound of the guitar through the sound hole. It’s just simply where the sound comes out.
Bridge: The bridge is similar to the nut. It is usually made of the same material and also contains grooves where the string passes securely.
Bridge Pins: The bridge pins hold the strings in the body of the guitar.