pentatonic scale

Pentatonic Scale

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The word pentatonic gets it’s name from the Greek word “penta” which means 5 and tonic which stands for tone. That’s what pentatonic scales are: 5 tone scales.

There are only 5 basic pentatonic patterns. They are the C, A, G, E, and D. They are similar to the 5 basic chord patterns, because they can be closely associated with their chord counterparts. These patterns interlock with each other, meaning each pattern has notes that overlap with patterns adjacent to it.

To play in different key signatures we move the patterns around. The pictures on the left are the shapes with their suggested fingerings. The pictures on the right show how the scale shapes overlap the chord shape.

  • These shapes are in their movable form. Learn about moving scale shapes to play in different keys besides C, A, G, E, and D.
  • Also, check out the open pentatonic scale shapes, too. They are the same shapes, but we have to make a couple of alterations that you’ll want to be aware of.
  • Check out the scale sequence charts: C scale sequence, A scale sequence, G scale sequence, E scale sequence, D scale sequence.  Scale sequence charts are a way for us to see how the basic scale patterns are laid out on the fretboard in a particular key.
  • There are five minor pentatonic scale shapes as well. They are actually the same shapes, but are associated with different chords in the CAGED sequence.

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6/9 Chords

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The 6/9 chord is a pentad in which a major triad is extended with a sixth and 9th above the root, but no seventh, thus: C6/9 is C,E,G,A,D. It is not a tense chord requiring resolution and is considered a substitute for the tonic in jazz. Its constituent notes are those of the pentatonic scale.

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Minor Pentatonic Scale

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These 5 basic minor pentatonic scale shapes are the same exact patterns for the major scale patterns, except they are associated with different chords.  The pictures on the left are the patterns with their suggested fingerings. The pictures on the right are the patterns with their CAGED chord counterpart they are associated with highlighted.

Memorize each pattern. You should be able to identify them by name and you should know exactly which note is their root note (marked by an “R” in the pictures on the right).Read More »Minor Pentatonic Scale

What Is The Blues?

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blues (blz)

  1.  A state of depression or melancholy. Often used with the.
  2. 2. A style of music evolved from southern African-American secular songs and usually distinguished by a syncopated 4/4 rhythm, flatted thirds and sevenths, a 12-bar structure, and lyrics in a three-line stanza in which the second line repeats the first: “The blues is an expression of anger against shame and humiliation” (B.B. King).Read More »What Is The Blues?